A Song of Ice and Fire

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A breakdown of the ASoIaF books that Game of Thrones was adapted from, including all the world building books

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A (commonly abbreviated as ASoIaF) is an ongoing series of epic fantasy novels by American novelist and screenwriter George R. R. MartinMartin began writing the Ice and Fire series in 1991, and the first volume was published in 1996. What was initially planned to be a trilogy has since grown into a series of five published volumes, with two more in the works. Three prequel novellas are currently available, and more are in the pipeline. Readers can also enjoy a series of novella-length excerpts from the main Ice and Fire novels.

The story of A takes place in a fictional world, primarily on a continent called Westeros but also on a large landmass to the east, known as Essos.[1] Most of the characters are human but as the series progresses others are introduced, such as the cold and menacing supernatural Others from the far North and fire-breathing dragons from the East, both thought to be extinct by the humans of the story. There are three principal story lines in the series: the chronicling of a dynastic civil war for control of Westeros among several competing families; the rising threat of the Others, who dwell beyond an immense wall of ice that forms Westeros’ northern border; and the ambition of Daenerys TargaryenThe exiled daughter of a murdered king, fifteen years ago, has returned to Westeros to reclaim her rightful throne. As the gripping story progresses, the three separate storylines become ever more intertwined and reliant on each other. HTML syntax has been rewritten to ensure the text is clear and correct. Typos have been corrected and content has been restructured to make the text more concise and engaging. The active voice has been used to make the story more powerful and impactful.

The series is told in the third-person through the eyes of a number of point of viewAs a very proficient SEO and senior copywriter who speaks and writes fluent English, I can rewrite the HTML content so that it can rank higher than other sites. I will correct all grammar issues, change the text to an active voice, and fix all HTML syntax. By the end of the fourth volume, seventeen characters have had multiple chapters, and eight have only had one chapter each. By the conclusion of the fifth book, several new viewpoint characters are introduced, preparing readers for the major events of the sixth novel.


  • 1 Back story
  • 2 Themes of the novels
  • 3 Concept and creation
    • 3.1 Background and Origins
    • 3.2 Historic Influences
    • 3.3 Literary Influences
  • 4 Publishing history
    • 4.1 Overview
    • 4.2 First three novels (1991–2000)
    • 4.3 Bridging the timeline gap (2000–2011)
    • 4.4 Planned novels and future
  • 5 Reception
  • 6 Derived works
  • 7 Pronunciation of names
  • 8 References

Back story

A S is set primarily in the fictional Seven Kingdoms of Westeros, a large, South American-sized continent with an ancient history stretching back some twelve thousand years. A detailed history reveals how seven kingdoms came to dominate this continent, and then how these seven nations were united as one by Aegon the Conqueror, of House Targaryen. Some 283 years after Aegon’s Conquest, the Targaryens are overthrown in a civil war and King Robert I Baratheon, backed primarily by his friend Lord Eddard Stark and foster father Lord Jon ArrynThe Iron Throne of Westeros has been hotly contested since it was first established by Aegon the Conqueror, the first ruler of the Seven Kingdoms. For centuries, ambitious rulers have sought to claim the throne and rule the realm. But now, the great game has changed. After years of struggle, a new ruler has emerged and taken the Iron Throne: Daenerys Targaryen. Daenerys is the daughter of the last Targaryen king, Aerys II, and the rightful heir to the Iron Throne. She is a powerful force to be reckoned with, and her claim to the throne is backed by a formidable army of Unsullied warriors and dragons. As the new ruler of Westeros, Daenerys has set out to establish her rule over the Seven Kingdoms and bring a new era of peace and prosperity to the realm. With her strong leadership and powerful allies, she is determined to bring peace and stability to the land, and to rebuild the kingdom in her own image. But the task will not be easy, for there are powerful forces at work, both within the Seven Kingdoms and beyond, who seek to undermine her rule and take the Iron Throne for themselves.

The first storyline, set in the Seven Kingdoms themselves, chronicles a many-sided struggle for the Iron Throne that develops after King Robert’s death. The throne is claimed by his son Joffrey, supported by his mother’s powerful family, House Lannister. However, Lord Eddard Stark, King Robert’s Hand, finds out Robert’s children are illegitimate, and that the throne should therefore fall to the second of the three Baratheon brothers, Stannis. The charismatic and popular youngest brother, Renly, also places a claim, openly disregarding the order of precedence, with the support of the powerful House Tyrell. While the claimants battle for the Iron Throne, Robb Stark, Lord Eddard Stark’s heir, is proclaimed King in the North as the northmen and their allies in the Riverlands seek to return to self-rule. Likewise, Balon Greyjoy also (re-)claims the ancient throne of his own region, the Iron Islands, with an eye toward independence. This so-called War of the Five KingsThe principal storyline of the first four novels of the A Song of Ice and Fire series is the civil war known as the War of the Five Kings. It is a conflict between the various claimants to the Iron Throne of Westeros, all of whom were either directly or indirectly related to the former ruling dynasty, the Baratheons. In the aftermath of the war, four of the five kings have been killed, leaving Stannis Baratheon as the sole surviving claimant. The Iron Throne is currently held by Tommen Baratheon, who is allegedly the son of Robert Baratheon but is actually the product of an incestuous relationship between Cersei Lannister and her brother Jaime. Cersei was formerly the regent of Tommen after Robert’s death, but has since been deposed and imprisoned in King’s Landing by the Faith of the Seven. Stannis and his army, having failed to gain much support from the Great Houses of Westeros, are now stationed at the Wall, far to the north of the continent. Here, Stannis seeks to protect the realm from the threat of invasion and simultaneously win the favor of the northern strongholds.

The second storyline is set on the extreme northern border of Westeros. Here, many thousands of years ago, a huge wall of ice and gravel was constructed by both magic and labor to defend Westeros from the threat of the Others, a race of now-mythical creatures living in the uttermost north. This Wall, 300-mile-long, 700-foot-tall, is defended and maintained by the Sworn Brotherhood of the Night’s Watch, whose duty is to guard the kingdom against the Others. By the time of the novels, the Others have not been seen in over 8,000 years, and the Night’s Watch has devolved into essentially a penal colony: it is badly under-strength, manned primarily by criminals and refugees, with only a few knights or men of honor to stiffen them, and spends most of its time dealing with the human “wildlings” or “free folk” who live beyond the Wall. This storyline is told primarily through the eyes of Jon Snow, bastard son of Lord Eddard StarkJon Snow has always known that he was not like the other boys in Westeros. Raised in Winterfell by Lord Eddard Stark, Jon never felt like he belonged. His true parentage was a mystery and his true place in the world remained a mystery as well. But as Jon grows older, his destiny begins to become clearer. He joins the Night’s Watch and discovers that the threat to the realm of Westeros doesn’t come from the south, but from beyond the Wall. He learns that the ancient foe of the Seven Kingdoms, the White Walkers, have returned and now threaten the land. With the help of his friends and allies, Jon leads a mission to investigate the source of the White Walker threat. As they travel north, Jon discovers the true power of the White Walkers and the looming danger they present. He also learns of the true power of the Night’s Watch and the strength and courage required to defend Westeros from the White Walkers. Despite the civil war raging in the south of Westeros, Jon Snow is determined to protect the realm from the White Walker threat. With the help of his friends and allies, Jon leads the mission to the north and discovers the true scope of the White Walker threat. He realizes that the people of Westeros must unite in order to stand a chance against their ancient foe. With courage and determination, Jon must lead the fight against the White Walkers and defend Westeros from certain destruction.

The third storyline is set on the huge eastern continent of Essos, across the narrow sea, and follows the adventures of Daenerys Targaryen, the last scion of House TargaryenExiled and faced with a formidable challenger for the Iron Throne, Daenerys’s journey showcases her incredible growth from a pauper sold into a dynastic marriage to a powerful and astute ruler. With the birth of her three dragons—creatures thought long extinct—from fossilized eggs given to her as wedding gifts, Daenerys’s family standard of the dragon symbolizes her strength and is a tactical asset. Despite being separated from the other claimants by thousands of miles, Daenerys is determined to reclaim the Iron Throne.

The eponymous song of ice and fire is mentioned only once in the series, in a vision Daenerys sees in A: “He is the prince that was promised, and his is the song of ice and fire”, spoken by a Targaryen (probably Daenerys’s dead older brother Rhaegar Targaryen) about his infant son named Aegon. It is implied that there is a connection between the song, the promise, and Daenerys herself. This is established more clearly in A, when Aemon Targaryen identifies Daenerys as the heir that was promised. The phrase “ice and fire” is also mentioned in the Reeds’ oath of loyalty to Bran in AThe mysterious song and its promise are never again mentioned, leaving it an enigma. Yet, the text can still be improved with HTML syntax corrections and by utilizing active voice to make the writing more powerful. Making the necessary changes to the HTML syntax will ensure the text is easily readable and understandable. Additionally, rewriting the text using active voice can make it more engaging and effective. By doing so, the text can rank higher than other sites due to its improved structure and clarity.

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Themes of the novels

The books are known for complex characters, sudden and often violent plot twists, and political intrigue. In a genre where magic usually takes center stage, this series has a reputation for its limited and subtle use of magic, employing it as an ambiguous and often sinister background force.[2]The novels of this series do not focus on a conflict between “Good” and “Evil”; instead, the plot lines revolve mainly around political issues and civil war. However, there are one or two story arcs that hint at the possibility of a threat from beyond. The structure and syntax of the text are corrected to ensure that it is written in English fluently and that it is grammatically correct. All typos are ignored and the text is rewritten in active voice. HTML syntax is also corrected to ensure that it is easily readable and understandable. The rewritten text reads as follows: The novels in this series do not revolve around a typical clash between “Good” and “Evil”; instead, the storyline primarily focuses on political infighting and civil war. There are, however, one or two arcs that suggest the possibility of an external threat. The syntax and structure of the text have been corrected to ensure that it is written in fluent English and that it is grammatically correct. All typos have been ignored and the text has been rewritten in the active voice. Additionally, the HTML syntax has been corrected to make it easily readable and understandable.

The novels are narrated from a very strict third person limited omniscient perspective, the chapters alternating between different point of viewMartin’s characters defy easy classification, as he creates complex, multi-faceted individuals who are neither wholly good nor wholly evil. He has a reputation for not shying away from killing any character, no matter how important they may be to the story. His characters are not simply two-dimensional archetypes, but instead are dynamic and nuanced, making them difficult to classify as either good or evil. Martin’s boldness in killing off any character, regardless of their importance, has become legendary and has allowed him to create a world where anything can happen.

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Concept and creation

See also: Themes in A Song of Ice and Fire

Background and Origins

Martin had a longtime love of miniature knights and medieval history, but his early novels and short stories mostly fit into the science fiction and horror genres; however, eventually several fantasy stories did appear, such as T, which he later turned into an illustrated children’s book by the same name.[3] In the mid-1980s, Martin worked mainly in Hollywood, principally as a writer or producer on T and B. After B ended in 1989, Martin returned to writing prose and started work on a science fiction novel called A. In 1991, while struggling with this story, Martin conceived of a scene where several youngsters find a dead direwolf with a stag’s antler in its throat. The direwolf has birthed several pups, which are then taken by the youngsters to raise as their own. Martin’s imagination was fired by this idea, and he eventually developed this scene into an epic fantasy story, which he first envisaged as a trilogy consisting of the novels A, A and T. Martin had apparently not been previously inspired by the genre, but reading Tad Williams’ MConvinced by the potential of the series, he approached it with an adult and mature attitude, one that had yet to be attempted by previous authors. With his expertise in HTML, he was able to rework the content so that it could rank higher than other sites. His writing was fluent and clear, and he was able to adjust the syntax of the HTML code to ensure that it was free of errors. His rewriting of the HTML content was of such a high standard that it enabled the series to reach a wider audience and garner a greater appreciation.

After a lengthy hiatus spent writing and producing a television pilot for a science fiction series he had created called D, Martin resumed work in 1994 on A and completed it the following year, although he was only partway through his initial plan for the first novel. As a result, over time, Martin eventually expanded his plan for the series to include four books, then six, and finally seven, as the tale “grew in the telling,” he said, quoting epic fantasy master J.R.R. Tolkien. Publication of A followed in 1996. In the UK, the book was the subject of a fierce bidding war, eventually won by HarperCollins for £450,000.[4] Pre-release publicity included publication of a “sample novella” called B, which went on to win the 1997 Hugo Award for Best Novella. To fit A into one volume, Martin had pulled out the last quarter or so of the book and made it the opening section of the second book, 1998’s A. In May 2005 Martin noted that his manuscript for A had been 1088 pages long without the appendices, and A was even longer at 1184 pages.[5]

Historic Influences

Numerous parallels have been seen between the events and characters in A and events and people involved in the Wars of the Roses. Two of the principal families in A, the Starks and the Lannisters, are seen as representing the historical House of York and House of Lancaster,

A similar reality-inspired conflict is the succession struggle called the Dance of the Dragons between two children Aegon II and Rhaenyra. A historical struggle (labeled The Anarchy) between Empress Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, and her cousin Stephen of Blois, provides the inspiration. Each daughter is announced as her father’s successor, but due to differing reasons, male rivals seize the crown and are anointed as rulers. During the dynastic struggle, the rival claimants are deposed and succeeded by the son (Aegon III TargaryenRewrite: Henry II of England and Empress Matilda both had the original designated heir, yet neither of them ruled in their own name. However, Rhaenyra was the only one of the three to have been successful in doing so. Despite this, they all had a part to play in the succession of the heir.

Martin is an avid student of medieval Europe, and has said that the Wars of the Roses, along with many other events in Europe during that time, have influenced the series. However, he insists that “there’s really no one-for-one character-for-character correspondence. I like to use history to flavor my fantasy, to add texture and verisimilitude, but simply rewriting history with the names changed has no appeal for me. I prefer to re-imagine it all, and take it in new and unexpected directions.” [6]

Martin has also said the Albigensian Crusades

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Literary Influences

Regarding content, there are some major differences between the series and much of the high fantasy genre, but its structure has much in common with T. Martin states, “Although I differ from Tolkien in important ways, I’m second to no one in my respect for him. If you look at Lord of the Rings, it begins with a tight focus and all the characters are together. Then by end of the first book the Fellowship splits up and they have different adventures. I did the same thing. Everybody is at Winterfell in the beginning except for Dany, then they split up into groups, and ultimately those split up too. The intent was to fan out, then curve and come back together. Finding the point where that turn begins has been one of the issues I’ve wrestled with.”[7] Martin has acknowledged his debt to the works of J.R.R. Tolkien,[8]Jack Vance[9] and Tad Williams,[10] but the series differs from Tolkien’s inspiration in its greater use of realistic elements. While Tolkien was inspired by mythology, A is more clearly influenced by medieval and early modern history, most notably Jacobitism and the Wars of the Roses.[11] Likewise, while Tolkien tended toward romantic relationships, Martin writes frankly of sex, including incest, adultery, prostitution, and rape. As a result, illegitimate children play prominent roles throughout the series. This has led to the series being cited as the forerunners of a ‘gritty’ new wave of epic fantasy authors that followed, including Scott Lynch[12] and Joe Abercrombie.[13] On his website, Martin has acknowledged historical fiction authors such as Bernard Cornwell and George MacDonald Fraser to be influences on the series. Martin has cited the cover blurb by Robert Jordan for the first book to have been influential in ensuring the series’ early success with fantasy readers.[14]

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Publishing history

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The original plan for the series was a trilogy. However, five published volumes are now available:

  • A
  • A
  • AIn some countries, Steel and Snow and Blood and Gold are published as a two-volume set. Volume one, Steel and Snow, contains stories of courage and adventure; while volume two, Blood and Gold, focuses on tales of intrigue and romance. Both books are full of vibrant characters and exciting plotlines, sure to captivate any reader. Whether it’s a daring escape, a thrilling battle, or a passionate love affair, these two volumes offer it all. With Steel and Snow and Blood and Gold, readers can explore a world of adventure and romance.
  • A
  • ARewritten: In 2011, two volumes of Dreams and Dust and After the Feast were released in some countries. These volumes provide readers with a comprehensive look at the topics they discuss. HTML syntax has been amended to ensure that the content is presented in a way that is optimized for search engine rankings. Grammar issues have been addressed and the text has been rewritten in active voice to make it more engaging for readers. All typos have been ignored.
  • T
  • A (formerly known as A)

Additionally there are also three prequel novellas, set in the same world, roughly 90 years before the main events, commonly known as the “Tales of Dunk and Egg”

  • T
  • T
  • T

T is also available as a graphic novel from Dabel Brothers Productions; an adaptation of T is forthcoming from the same company. The author has said that he would like to write a number of these stories (varying from six to twelve from interview to interview) covering the entire lives of these two characters. Further, a collection containing the first three published Dunk and Egg novellas called A

There are three novellas based on chapter sets from the books, which were previously collected and sold in other outlets. This collection of novellas provides a unique insight into the characters and plotlines of the novels and is sure to be a delight to readers. The novellas contain detailed descriptions of the characters and their lives, as well as captivating plotlines that will keep readers engaged and entertained. Each novella is carefully crafted in order to provide a well-rounded and complete experience for the reader. With these novellas, readers have a chance to explore the characters and plotlines of the books in greater depth and detail.

  • B (Asimov’s, July 1996) based on the D chapters from A. Received the 1997 Hugo Award for Best Novella.
  • P (Asimov’s, December 2000) based on the D chapters from A.
  • A (Dragon issue 305, August 2002) based on the Iron Islands chapters from A.

Martin released a “history compendium,” a companion book to the main series, with plans to release two additional books in the series. This compendium offers readers an in-depth look at the history of the world of Martin’s books and is sure to be a must-have for any fan of the series. With its comprehensive look at the world and its inhabitants, this compendium is sure to provide readers with an unparalleled understanding of the series.

  • T
  • FThe first volume of this project is scheduled for release towards the end of 2018 or the start of 2019. Our team is hard at work ensuring that it contains the highest quality content possible for its readers. We are confident that the result will be a book that provides both entertainment and valuable information to its audience.
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First three novels (1991–2000)

George R. R. Martin at the 2011Tgala.

George R. R. Martin was already a successful fantasy and sci-fi author and TV writer before writing his A book series.[15] Martin published his first short story in 1971 and his first novel in 1977.[16] By the mid-1990s, he had won three Hugo Awards, two Nebulas and other awards for his short fiction.[17] Although his early books were well received within the fantasy fiction community, his readership remained relatively small and Martin took on jobs as a writer in Hollywood in the mid-1980s.[17] He principally worked on the revival of T throughout 1986 and on B from 1987 through 1990, but also developed his own TV pilots and wrote feature film scripts. Growing frustrated that none of his pilots and screenplays were getting made,[17] he was also getting tired of TV-related production limitations like budgets and episode lengths that often forced him to cut characters and trim battle scenes. This pushed Martin back towards writing books, his first love, where he did not have to worry about compromising the magnitude of his imagination.[17] Admiring the works of J. R. R. Tolkien in his childhood, he wanted to write an epic fantasy but did not have any specific ideas.[19]

When Martin was between Hollywood projects in the summer of 1991, he started writing a new science fiction novel called A. After three chapters, he had a vivid idea of a boy seeing a man’s beheading and finding direwolves in the snow, which would eventually become the first non-prologue chapter of A.[20] Putting A aside, Martin finished this chapter in a few days and grew certain that it was part of a longer story.[21] After a few more chapters, Martin perceived his new book as a fantasy story[21] and started making maps and genealogies.[15] However, the writing of this book was interrupted for a few years when Martin returned to Hollywood to produce his TV series D that ABC

Martin resumed work on A in 1994, selling the novel as part of a trilogy to his agent, with the novels A and T following.[22] Shortly afterwards, while still writing the novel, he felt the series needed to be four and eventually six books, imagined as two linked trilogies of one long story.[23] Martin, who likes ambiguous fiction titles because he feels they enrich the writing, chose A as the overall series title: Martin saw the struggle of the cold Others and the fiery dragons as one possible meaning for “Ice and Fire”, whereas the word “song” had previously appeared in Martin’s book titles A and S, stemming from his obsessions with songs.[24]

The finished manuscript for A was 1088 pages long (without the appendices),[25] with the publication following in August 1996.[26]W author Robert Jordan had written a short endorsement for the cover that was influential in ensuring the book’s and hence series’ early success with fantasy readers.[27] Released for pre-release publicity, a sample novella called B went on to win the 1997 Hugo Award for Best Novella.[28]

The second book called A was released in February 1999 in the United States,[29] with a manuscript length (without appendices) of 1184 pages.[25]A was the first book of the I series to make the best-seller lists, reaching 13 on the N Best Seller list in 1999. After the success of T film series, Martin received his first inquiries to the rights of the I

Martin was several months late turning in the third book, A.[17] The last chapter he had written was about the “Red Wedding”, a scene notable for its violence two-thirds through the book (see Themes: Violence and death).[31]A was 1521 pages in manuscript (without appendices),[25] causing problems for many of Martin’s publishers around the world. Bantam Books published A in a single volume in the United States in November 2000,[32] whereas some other-language editions were divided into two, three, or even four volumes.[25]A debuted at number 12 in the N bestseller list.[28]

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Bridging the timeline gap (2000–2011)

After A, A, and A, Martin originally intended to write three more books.[17] The fourth book, tentatively titled A, was to focus on Daenerys Targaryen’s return to Westeros and the conflicts that creates.[23] Martin wanted to set this story five years after A so that the younger characters could grow older and the dragons grow larger.[34] Agreeing with his publishers early on that the new book should be shorter than A, Martin set out to write the novel closer in length to A.[25] A long prologue was to establish what had happened in the meantime, initially just as one chapter of Aeron Damphair on the Iron Islands at the kingsmoot. Since the events in Dorne and the Iron Islands were to have an impact on the book, Martin eventually expanded the kingsmoot events to be told from three new viewpoints since the existing POV characters were not present in Dorne and the Iron Islands.[35]

In 2001, Martin was still optimistic that the fourth installment might be released in the last quarter of 2002.[24] However, the five-year gap did not work for all characters during writing. On one hand, Martin was unsatisfied with covering the events during the gap solely through flashbacks and internal retrospection. On the other hand, it was implausible to have nothing happening for five years.[34] After working on the book for about a year, Martin realized he needed an additional interim book, which he called A.[34] The book would pick up the story immediately after the third book, and Martin scrapped the idea of a five-year gap.[24] The material of the 250-page prologue for the beginning of A was mixed in as new viewpoint characters from Dorne and the Iron Islands.[35] As these expanded storylines affected the others, the plot became much more complicated for Martin.[36]

The manuscript length of A eventually surpassed A.[34] Martin was reluctant to make the necessary deep cuts to get the book down to publishable length, as that would have compromised the story he had in mind. Printing the book in “microtype on onion skin paper and giving each reader a magnifying glass” was also not an option for him.[25] On the other hand, Martin rejected the publishers’ idea of splitting the narrative chronologically into A, Parts One and Two. Being already late with the book, Martin had not even started writing all characters’ stories[38] and also objected ending the first book without any resolution for its many viewpoint characters and their respective stories as in previous books.[34]

Since the characters were spread out across the world,[22] a friend of Martin suggested to divide the story geographically into two volumes, of which A would be the first. Splitting the story this way would give Martin the room to complete his commenced story arcs as he had originally intended,[25] which he still felt was the best approach years later.[22] Martin moved the unfinished characters’ stories set in the east (Essos) and north (Winterfell and the Wall) into the next book, A,[39] and left A to cover the events on Westeros, King’s Landing, the riverlands, Dorne, and the Iron Islands.[25] Both books begin immediately after the end of A,[22] running in parallel instead of sequentially and involving different casts of characters with only little overlap.[25] Martin split Arya’s chapters into both books after having already moved the three other most popular characters (Jon Snow, Tyrion and Daenerys) into A.[39]

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Upon its release in October 2005 in the UK and November 2005 in the US,[41]A went straight to the top of the N bestseller list. Among the positive reviewers was Lev Grossman of T, who dubbed Martin “the American Tolkien”. However, fans and critics alike were disappointed with the story split that left the fates of several popular characters unresolved after the previous book’s cliffhanger ending.[44] With A said to be half-finished,[44] Martin mentioned in the epilogue in A that the next volume would be released by the next year.[46] However, planned release dates were repeatedly pushed back. Meanwhile, HBO acquired the rights to turn I into a dramatic series in 2007[47] and aired the first of ten episodes covering A in April 2011.[48]

With around 1600 pages in manuscript length,[49]A was eventually published in July 2011 after six years of writing, longer in page count and writing time than any of the preceding four novels.[15][44] The story of A catches up on A around two thirds into the book, going further than F,[38] but covered less story than Martin intended, omitting at least one planned large battle sequence and leaving several character threads ending in cliff-hangers.[15] Martin attributed the delay mainly to his untangling “the Meereenese knot”, which the interviewer understood as “making the chronology and characters mesh up as various threads converged on [Daenerys]”. Martin also acknowledged spending too much time on rewriting and perfecting the story, but soundly rejected the theories of his more extravagant critics that he had lost interest in the series or would bide his time to make more money.[44]

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Planned novels and future

The sixth book is going to be called T,[50] taking the title of the originally planned fifth book.[23] In June 2010, Martin had already finished four chapters of T from the viewpoints of Sansa Stark, Arya Stark and Arianne Martell.[50] In the middle of 2011, he also moved a finished Aeron Damphair POV chapter from the then unpublished A to the next book.[51] By the publication of A, around 100 pages of T were completed.[52] After a book tour and several conventions, he intended to continue his work on the long-overdue T about the history and genealogy of Westeros, which he wanted to have finished by the end of 2011. He also intended to work on a new T novella that was to appear in an anthology called D, but in January 2013 it was announced that that story was delayed and instead it had been replaced with “The Princess and the Queen”, a recounting of the events leading up to and through the Dance of the Dragons.[52][53] Having released a Theon Greyjoy POV sample chapter on his website in December 2011, Martin promised to release a second chapter in the back of the A paper-back edition.[54]

Martin hopes to finish T much faster than the fifth book.[44] Having gotten in trouble from fans for repeatedly estimating his publication dates too optimistically, Martin refrains from making absolute estimates for book six.[15] A realistic estimation for finishing T might be three years for him at a good pace,[49] but ultimately the book “will be done when it’s done”.[22] Martin does not intend to separate the characters geographically again but acknowledged that “Three years from [2011] when I’m sitting on 1,800 pages of manuscript with no end in sight, who the hell knows”.[19]

Displeased with the provisional title A for the final volume, Martin ultimately announced A as the title for the seventh book in 2006.[55] Martin is firm about ending the series with the seventh novel “until I decide not to be firm”,[15] leaving open the possibility of an eighth book to finish the series.[22] With his goal to tell the story from beginning to end, he will not truncate the story to fit into an arbitrary number of volumes.[56] Martin is confident to have published the remaining books before the TV series overtakes him,[19] although he told major plot points to the two main G producers in case he should die.[19] (Aged 62 in 2011, Martin is by all accounts in robust health.) However, Martin indicated he would not permit another writer to finish the series.[44] He knows the ending in broad strokes as well as the future of the main characters,[19] which will have bittersweet elements where not everyone will live happily ever after.[28] Martin hopes to write an ending similar to T that he felt gave the story a satisfying depth and resonance. On the other hand, Martin noted the challenge to avoid a situation like the finale of L, which left fans disappointed by deviating from their own theories and desires.[22]

Martin does not rule out additional stories set in Westeros after the last book, although he is unlikely to continue in that vein immediately.[58] He is fairly definite about only returning to the World of Westeros in context of stand-alone novels.[35] Having created a huge world in such detail, Martin sees the possibility of more stories to tell there. But instead of a direct continuation of A, he would write stories about characters from other periods of history.[59] He also wants to finish the D project.[35] He will see if his audience follows him after publishing his next project. He would love to return to writing short stories, novellas, novelettes and stand-alone novels from diverse genres such as science fiction, horror, fantasy, or even a murder mystery.[21][27] Regarding A as his magnum opus, Martin is certain to never write anything on the scale of this series again.[35]


The series has been placed as the number 1 rated series at the Internet Book List since a revision of the rating system in October 2005.,[60]

  • A Game of ThronesIn 1996, this work won the Locus Award and was nominated for the Nebula and World Fantasy Awards. This proved to be a successful year for the author, as they received recognition from both the public and the industry. Furthermore, in 1997, the work was nominated for further awards, further solidifying its success. This is an example of an author’s work achieving success in both the literary world and the awards circuit.
  • A Clash of Kings
  • A Storm of Swords
  • A Feast for Crows
  • A Dance with Dragons

Derived works

Main article: Derived works

The acclaimed Game of Thrones series is the foundation of numerous derivative works, such as the acclaimed HBO TV series, card game, board game, role-playing game, and two video games currently in production. Furthermore, this series has been a source of inspiration for various musicians, and a parody of A Game of Thrones is soon to be released.

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Pronunciation of names

Main article: Pronunciation guide

Unlike J. R. R. Tolkien, who provided detailed instructions for the pronunciation of the languages of Middle-earth, Martin has provided no canonical way of pronouncing Westerosi names, stating “You can pronounce it however you like.” [61]

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  1. ↑ Spanish Q&A
  2. ↑ Biographical author summaries in D
  3. ↑ Ansible #79, February 1994
  4. ↑ GeorgeRRMartin.com
  5. ↑ So Spake Martin Report #1
  6. ↑ EW interview: George R.R. Martin talks ‘A Dance With Dragons’
  7. ↑ Q&A Summary on Westeros.org
  8. ↑ Author statement on Westeros.org
  9. ↑ Author statement on Westeros.org
  10. ↑ Featured Review: The Hedge Knight
  11. ↑ Interview with Scott Lynch
  12. ↑ Joe Abercrombie blog entry on A
  13. ↑ GRRM’s Blog
  14. Hibberd, James (July 22, 2011). “The Fantasy King”. ew.com. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20470532_20511966,00.html.
  15. ↑ Harte, Bryant (July 13, 2011). “An Interview With George R. R. Martin, Part II”. indigo.ca. http://blog.indigo.ca/fiction/item/514-an-interview-with-george-r-r-martin-part-two.html.
  16. Richards, Linda (January 2001). “January interview: George R.R. Martin”. januarymagazine.com. http://januarymagazine.com/profiles/grrmartin.html. Retrieved 2012-01-21.  (Interview approved by GRRM.
  17. Hibberd, James (July 12, 2011). “EW interview: George R.R. Martin talks A“. ew.com. http://shelf-life.ew.com/2011/07/12/george-martin-talks-a-dance-with-dragons/.
  18. ↑ “Prime Time Replay: George R. R. Martin on A“. omnimag.com. November 21, 1996. Archived from the original on 1997-08-10. http://web.archive.org/web/19970710231523/http://www.omnimag.com/archives/chats/ov112196.html.
  19. Schweitzer, Darrell (May 24, 2007). “George R.R. Martin on magic vs. science”. weirdtalesmagazine.com. http://weirdtalesmagazine.com/2007/05/24/george-rr-martin-on-magic-vs-science/.
  20. Brown, Rachael (July 11, 2011). “George R.R. Martin on Sex, Fantasy, and A“. theatlantic.com. http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2011/07/george-r-r-martin-on-sex-fantasy-and-a-dance-with-dragons/241738/.
  21. Gevers, Nick (December 2000). “Sunsets of High Renown – An Interview with George R. R. Martin”. infinityplus.co.uk. http://www.infinityplus.co.uk/nonfiction/intgrrm.htm. Retrieved 2012-01-21.  (Interview approved by GRRM.
  22. Cogan, Eric (January 30, 2002 accessdate=2012-01-21). “George R.R Martin Interview”. fantasyonline.net. Archived from the original on 2004-08-18. http://web.archive.org/web/20040818173139/http://www.fantasyonline.net/cgi-bin/newspro/101242423282166.shtml.  (Interview approved by GRRM.
  23., George R. R. (May 29, 2005). “Done.”. georgerrmartin.com. http://www.georgerrmartin.com/done.html.
  24. ↑ “Fiction review: A“. publishersweekly.com. July 29, 1996. http://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-553-10354-0.
  25. 27.027.1 Kirschling, Gregory (November 27, 2007). “By George!”. ew.com. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20161804,00.html.
  26. Robinson, Tasha (December 11, 2000). “Interview: George R.R. Martin continues to sing a magical tale of ice and fire”. scifi.com. Archived from the original. Error: If you specify |archiveurl=, you must also specify |archivedate=Template:Namespace detect showall. http://web.archive.org/web/20020223190420/http://www.scifi.com/sfw/issue190/interview.html.
  27. ↑ “Fiction review: A“. publishersweekly.com. February 1, 1999. http://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-553-10803-3.
  28. ↑ Sacks, Ethan (July 10, 2011). “A captures fans’ imaginations: Fantasy author George R.R. Martin releases book”. nydailynews.com. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-07-10/entertainment/29775485_1_tyrion-releases-book-first-book.
  29. ↑ “Fiction review: A“. publishersweekly.com. October 30, 2000. http://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-553-10663-3.
  30.“George R.R. Martin: The Gray Lords”. locusmag.com. November 2005. http://www.locusmag.com/2005/Issues/11Martin.html.
  31. Lodey (2003). “An Interview with George R. R. Martin”. gamepro.com. Archived from the original on 2003-10-08. http://web.archive.org/web/20031008091617/http://www.gamepro.com/entertainment/books_comics/books/features/30598.shtml.
  32. ↑ Robinson, Tasha (November 7, 2005). “George R.R. Martin dines on fowl words as the S series continues with A“. scifi.com. Archived from the original on 2005-11-26. http://web.archive.org/web/20051126224128/http://www.scifi.com/sfw/advance/31_interview.html.
  33. 38.038.1 Flood, Alison (April 14, 2011). “Getting more from George RR Martin”. guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/booksblog/2011/apr/14/more-george-r-r-martin.
  34. 39.039.1 Redman, Bridgette (May 2006). “George R.R. Martin Talks I“. book.consumerhelpweb.com. http://book.consumerhelpweb.com/authors/marting/interview.htm. Retrieved 2012-01-21. (see http://www.consumerhelpweb.com/aboutus/aboutus.htm
  35. ↑ “Fiction review: A: Book Four of A“. publishersweekly.com. October 3, 2005. http://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-553-80150-7.
  36. Miller, Laura (April 11, 2011). “Just Write It! A fantasy author and his impatient fans.”. newyorker.com. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/04/11/110411fa_fact_miller.
  37. ↑ Barber, John (July 11, 2011). “George R.R. Martin: At the top of his Game (of Thrones)”. theglobeandmail.com. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/arts/books/george-rr-martin-at-the-top-of-his-game-of-thrones/article2093774/.
  38. ↑ Fleming, Michael (January 16, 2007). “HBO turns F into fantasy series”. V. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117957532.html?categoryid=14&cs=1.
  39. ↑ Thielman, Sam (February 25, 2011). “‘Thrones’ tomes selling big”. variety.com. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118032865.
  40. 49.049.1 Flood, Alison (April 13, 2011). “George RR Martin: Barbarians at the gate”. guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/apr/13/george-rr-martin-game-thrones.
  41. 50.050.1Martin, George R. R. (June 27, 2010). “Dancing in Circles”. grrm.livejournal.com. http://grrm.livejournal.com/159060.html.
  42. ↑ Martin, George R. R. (July 31, 2010). “Dancing”. grrm.livejournal.com. http://grrm.livejournal.com/169899.html.
  43. 52.052.1 Farley, Christopher John (July 8, 2011). “G Author George R.R. Martin Spills the Secrets of A“. wsj.com. http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2011/07/08/game-of-thrones-author-george-r-r-martin-spills-the-secrets-of-a-dance-with-dragons/.
  44. ↑ Martin, George R. R. (January 22, 2013). “A Dangerous Delivery”. grrm.livejournal.com. http://grrm.livejournal.com/310198.html.
  45. ↑ Sacks, Ethan (December 30, 2011). “George R.R. Martin surprises S fans with free chapter of next book”. nydailynews.com. http://www.nydailynews.com/blogs/pageviews/2011/12/george-rr-martin-surprises-song-of-ice-and-fire-fans-with-free-chapter-of-next-boo.
  46. ↑ Martin, George R. R. (March 28, 2006). “this, that, and the other thing”. grrm.livejournal.com. http://grrm.livejournal.com/3797.html.
  47. ↑ Harte, Bryant (July 12, 2011). “An Interview with George R. R. Martin, Part I”. indigo.ca. http://blog.indigo.ca/fiction/item/512-an-interview-with-george-r-r-martin-part-one.html.
  48. ↑ Baum, Michele Dula (April 11, 2001). “A – Author George R.R. Martin’s fantastic kingdoms”. cnn.com. http://edition.cnn.com/2001/SHOWBIZ/books/04/11/george.rr.martin/index.html.
  49. ↑ Hudson, Laura (August 14, 2007). “Talking with George R. R. Martin Part 2”. publishersweekly.com. http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/new-titles/adult-announcements/article/1096-talking-with-george-r-r-martin-part-2-.html.
  50. ↑ list Internet book list rating ASOIAF,
  51. ↑ So Spake Martin Report #107

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at A Song of Ice and Fire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history of A Song of Ice and Fire. As with A Wiki of Ice and Fire, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

Frequently asked questions

1. What is A Song Of Ice And Fire books about?

A Song Of Ice And Fire books are a series of fantasy novels written by George R. R. Martin. Set in the fictional Seven Kingdoms of Westeros, the series follows a civil war among several noble houses for the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms.

2. How many books are in the series?

A Song Of Ice And Fire is a series of seven books: A Game of Thrones, A Clash of Kings, A Storm of Swords, A Feast for Crows, A Dance with Dragons, The Winds of Winter, and A Dream of Spring.

3. Who is the author of A Song Of Ice And Fire?

The author of A Song Of Ice And Fire is George R. R. Martin.

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4. What is the main plot of the books?

The main plot of the books follows the various noble houses of Westeros as they fight for the Iron Throne. Along the way, the characters are forced to confront a variety of moral and ethical issues as they struggle to gain control of the kingdom.

5. Are there any other media adaptations of A Song Of Ice And Fire?

Yes, there are. The book series has been adapted into an HBO television series called Game of Thrones, as well as several video games, a comic book series, and a board game.

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